12 Jyotirlinga and Other Linga
It was founded by Ganesha when Ravana gave it to him to carry. Ganesha took the form of cowherd named Baiju, hence it is known as Baijnath Jyotirlinga.
Shiva gave new life to Moon by saving him from the curse of Prajapati Daksha. Somnath Jyotirlinga was installed due to that.
Kartikeya requested Shiva and Parvati to install their collective energies in a Shiva Linga so Shiva blessed him with a Shiv linga of his tactile energies. This is known as Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga. Mallika means Parvati and Arjuna means Shiva.
Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga was installed by Rama when he killed Ravana and wanted to get free from the sin of killing a Brahmin.
Ghushma was the devotee of Shiva. Her sister killed her son but she prayed for the forgiveness of her sister’s sins. Pleased with her kindness, Shiva revived her son and blessed the place with Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga or Ghrineshwar Jyotirlinga.
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is installed on Vindhyachal mountain and here Shiva enlightened Vindhya about OM. Another Shiva Linga is also installed along with it and that’s Amleshwar Linga.
A demon Dushan attacked the city of Ujjaini but Shiva took the form of Mahakal and killed him. The Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga denotes that.
Rishi Gautam prayed in Trimbak for river Ganga and got blessed with Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga.
A female demon Daruka got enlightened with the importance of work and devotion in life. Shiva is worshiped as Nageshwar and Parwati as Nageshwari in the temple of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga.
Kedarnath Jyotirlinga was installed by Nar and Narayana after they completed their austerity of centuries.
Bheema was the son of Kumbhakaran who wanted to take revenge from Narayana. Shiva killed him but enlightened him with the greatness of his father and Shri Rama. This Bheemashankar Jyotirlinga is devoted to Bheema.
Situated at the city of Kashi, Vishveshwar Jyotirlinga was installed by Shiva by own pleasure. This is the favorite place of Shiva.
There are several other important Linga like Pishachmochaneshwar Mahadev, Indreshwar Linga, Devodaseshwar Linga, Kritivaseshvar Mahadev, Vyagreshwar Linga, Pratikeshwar, Kapileshwar, Kumareshwar Linga, Jambukeshwar Mahadev, Annamalaiya Mahadev, Shirkalhasteshwar Mahadev, Chidambaram Nataraj and Tikambareshwar Mahadev.
References & Sources
Shiva: Stories and teachings from Shiv Mahapurana by Vanamali
Shiva: The lord of Yoga by Dr. David Frawley